Test Bank Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology 11th Edition


Test Bank Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology 11th Edition

Author: Frederic Martini,
Judi Nath,
Edwin Bartholomew.
Edition: 11th Edition
Year: 2018
Language: English
ISBN 13: 978-0134396026
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN 10: 134396022
Pages: 2227
File: PDF
Price: 15.99$
Digital delivery: Via Email check your SPAM

Test Bank Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology 11th Edition

Test Bank Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology helps students succeed in the challenging A&P course with an easy-to-understand narrative, precise visuals, and steadfast accuracy. With the 11th Edition, the author team draws from recent research exploring how students use and digest visual information to help students use art more effectively to learn A&P.  New book features encourage students to view and consider figures in the textbook, and new narrated videos guide students through complex physiology figures to help them deconstruct and better understand complicated processes. Instructors can also request a new handbook by Lori Garrett, entitled The Art of Teaching A&P: Six Easy Lessons to Improve Student Learningwhich explores some of the most common challenges encountered when using art to teach A&P, alongside strategies to address these challenges.


The Eleventh Edition of Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology is a comprehensive textbook that fulfills the needs of today’s students while addressing the concerns of their teachers. We focused our attention on the question “How can we make this information meaningful, manageable, and comprehensible?” We drew upon our content knowledge, research skills, artistic talents, and years of classroom experience to make this edition the best yet during the revision process.

The broad changes to this edition are presented in the New to the Eleventh Edition section below. The specific changes are presented in the Chapter-by-Chapter Changes in the Eleventh Edition section.

Table of Contents:

1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
An Introduction to Studying the Human Body
1-1 To make the most of your learning, read the text and view the art together
1-2 Anatomy (structure) and physiology (function) are closely integrated
1-3 Levels of organization progress from chemicals to a complete organism
1-4 Medical terminology is important to understanding anatomy and physiology
1-5 Anatomical terms describe body regions, anatomical positions and directions, and body sections
1-6 Body cavities of the trunk protect internal organs and allow them to change shape
1-7 Homeostasis, the state of internal balance, is continuously regulated
1-8 Negative feedback opposes variations from normal, whereas positive feedback enhances them
2 The Chemical Level of Organization
2-1 Atoms are the basic particles of matter
2-2 Chemical bonds are forces formed by interactions between atoms
2-3 Decomposition, synthesis, and exchange reactions are important types of chemical reactions in physiology
2-4 Enzymes speed up reactions by lowering the energy needed to start them
2-5 Inorganic compounds lack carbon, and organic compounds contain carbon
2-6 Physiological systems depend on water
2-7 Body fluid pH is vital for homeostasis
2-8 Acids, bases, and salts have important physiological roles
2-9 Living things contain organic compounds made up of monomers, polymers, and functional groups
2-10 Carbohydrates contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio
2-11 Lipids often contain a carbon-to-hydrogen ratio of 1:2
2-12 Proteins contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen and are formed from amino acids
2-13 DNA and RNA are nucleic acids
2-14 ATP is a high-energy compound used by cells
3 The Cellular Level of Organization
3-1 The plasma membrane separates the cell from its surrounding environment and performs various functions
3-2 Organelles within the cytoplasm perform particular functions
3-3 The nucleus contains DNA and enzymes essential for controlling cellular activities
3-4 DNA controls protein synthesis, cell structure, and cell function
3-5 Diffusion is a passive transport mechanism that assists membrane passage of solutes and
3-6 Carrier-mediated and vesicular transport assist membrane passage of specific substances
3-7 The membrane potential of cell results from the unequal distribution of positive and negative charges across the plasma membrane
3-8 Stages of the cell life cycle include interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
3-9 Several factors regulate the cell life cycle
3-10 Abnormal cell growth and division characterize tumors and cancers
3-11 Cellular differentiation is cellular specialization as a result of gene activation or repression
4 The Tissue Level of Organization
4-1 The four tissue types are epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous
4-2 Epithelial tissue covers body surfaces, lines internal surfaces, and serves other essential functions
4-3 Cell shape and number of layers determine the classification of epithelia
4-4 Connective tissue has varied roles in the body that reflect the physical properties of its three main types
4-5 Connective tissue proper includes loose connective tissues that fill internal spaces and dense connective tissues that contribute to the internal framework of the body
Structure of Connective Tissue Proper
4-6 Blood and lymph are fluid connective tissues that transport cells and dissolved materials
4-7 The supporting connective tissues cartilage and bone provide a strong framework
4-8 Tissue membranes made from epithelial and connective tissue make up four types of physical barriers
4-9 The three types of muscle tissue are skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
4-10 Nervous tissue responds to stimuli and propagates electrical impulses throughout the body
4-11 The response to tissue injury involves inflammation and regeneration
4-12 With advancing age, tissue regeneration decreases, and cancer rates increase

5 The Integumentary System
5-1 The epidermis is a protective covering composed of layers with various functions
5-2 The dermis is the tissue layer that supports the epidermis
5-3 The subcutaneous layer connects the dermis to underlying tissues
5-4 Epidermal pigmentation and dermal circulation influence skin color
5-5 Sunlight causes epidermal cells to convert an asteroid into vitamin D3
5-6 Hair is made of keratinized dead cells pushed to the skin surface where it has protecting and insulating roles
5-7 Sebaceous glands and sweat glands are exocrine glands found in the skin
5-8 Nails are keratinized epidermal cells that protect the tips of fingers and toes
5-9 After an injury, the integument is repaired in several phases
5-10 Effects of aging on the skin include thinning, wrinkling, and reduced melanocyte activity
6 Bones and Bone Structure
6-1 The skeletal system has several major functions
6-2 Bones are classified according to shape and structure and they have a variety of bone markings
6-3 Bone is composed of matrix and several types of cells: osteogenic cells, osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts
6-4 Compact bone contains parallel osteons, and spongy bone contains trabeculae
6-5 Bones form through ossification and enlarge through interstitial and appositional growth
6-6 Bone growth and development depend on bone remodeling, which is a balance between bone formation and bone resorption
6-7 Exercise, nutrition, and hormones affect bone development and the skeletal system
6-8 Calcium plays a critical role in bone physiology
6-9 A fracture is a crack or break in a bone
6-10 Osteopenia has widespread effects on aging bones
7 The Axial Skeleton
7-1 The 80 bones of the head and trunk make up the axial skeleton
7-2 The skull’s 8 cranial bones protect the brain, and its 14 facial bones from the mouth, nose, and orbits
7-3 Each orbital complex contains and protects an eye, and the nasal complex encloses the nasal cavities
7-4 Fontanelles are non-ossified fibrous areas between cranial bones that ease birth and allow for rapid brain growth in infants and children
7-5 The vertebral column has four flexible and supportive spinal curves
7-6 The five vertebral regions—cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal—each has characteristic vertebrae
7-7 The thoracic cage protects organs in the chest and provides sites for muscle attachment
8 The Appendicular Skeleton
8-1 The pectoral (shoulder) girdles attach the upper limbs to the axial skeleton
8-2 The bones of the upper limbs are adapted for free movement
8-3 The pelvic girdle (hips) attaches the lower limbs to the axial skeleton
8-4 The bones of the lower limbs are adapted for movement and support
8-5 Differences in sex and age account for individual skeletal variation
9 Joints
9-1 Joints are categorized according to their structure or range of motion
9-2 Diarthroses: Synovial joints contain synovial fluid and are surrounded by a joint capsule and stabilizing accessory structures
9-3 Diarthroses: The different types of synovial joints allow a wide range of skeletal movements
9-4 Intervertebral joints contain intervertebral discs and ligaments that allow for vertebral movements
9-5 The elbow and knee are both hinge joints
9-6 The shoulder and hip are both ball-and-socket joints
9-7 With advancing age, arthritis, and other degenerative changes often impair joint mobility
9-8 The skeletal system supports and stores energy and minerals for other body systems
10 Muscle Tissue
10-1 The primary function of muscle tissue is to produce movement
10-2 Skeletal muscle contains muscle tissue, connective tissues, blood vessels, and nerves
10-3 Skeletal muscle fibers are organized into repeating functional units that contain sliding filaments
10-4 Motor neurons stimulate skeletal muscle fibers to contract at the neuromuscular junction
10-5 Muscle fibers produce different amounts of tension depending on sarcomere length and frequency of stimulation
10-6 Skeletal muscles produce increased tension by recruiting additional motor units
10-7 To maintain regular muscle fiber activity, energy and recovery are required
10-8 Muscle performance depends on muscle fiber type and physical conditioning
10-9 Cardiac muscle tissue, found in the heart, produces coordinated and automatic contractions
10-10 Smooth muscle tissue contracts to move substances within internal passageways
11 The Muscular System
11-1 Fascicle arrangement is correlated with muscle power and range of motion
11-2 The use of bones as levers increase muscle efficiency
11-3 The origins and insertions of muscles determine their actions
11-4 Descriptive terms are used to name skeletal muscles
11-5 Axial muscles position the axial skeleton, and appendicular muscles support and move the appendicular skeleton
11-6 Axial muscles are muscles of the head and neck, the vertebral column, trunk, and pelvic floor
11-7 Appendicular muscles are muscles of the shoulders, upper limbs, pelvis, and lower limbs
11-8 Exercise of the muscular system produces responses in multiple body systems

12 Nervous Tissue
12-1 The nervous system has anatomical and functional divisions
12-2 Neurons are nerve cells specialized for intercellular communication
12-3 CNS and PNS neuroglia support and protect neurons
12-4 The membrane potential of a neuron is determined by differences in ion concentrations and membrane permeability
12-5 An action potential is an all-or-none electrical event used for long-distance communication
12-6 Synapses transmit signals among neurons or between neurons and other cells
12-7 The effects of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators depend on their receptors
12-8 Individual neurons process information by integrating excitatory and inhibitory stimuli
13 The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Spinal Reflexes
13-1 This text’s coverage of the nervous system parallels its simple-to-complex levels of the organization
13-2 The spinal cord is surrounded by three meninges and has spinal nerve roots
13-3 Spinal cord gray matter integrates information and initiates commands, and white matter carries information from place to place
13-4 Spinal nerves extend to form peripheral nerves, sometimes forming plexuses along the way; these nerves carry sensory and motor information
13-5 Interneurons are organized into functional groups called neuronal pools
13-6 The different types of neural reflexes are all rapid, automatic responses to stimuli
13-7 Monosynaptic reflexes produce simple responses, while polysynaptic reflexes can produce complex behaviors
13-8 The brain can affect spinal cord–based reflexes
16 The Autonomic Nervous
16-1 The autonomic nervous system, which has sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions is involved in the unconscious regulation of visceral functions
Comparison of the Somatic and Autonomic Nervous Systems
16-2 The sympathetic division has short preganglionic fibers and long postganglionic fibers and is involved in using energy and increasing metabolic rate
16-3 Different types of neurotransmitters and receptors lead to different sympathetic effects
16-4 The parasympathetic division has long preganglionic fibers and short postganglionic fibers and is involved in conserving energy and lowering metabolic rate
16-5 Different types of receptors lead to different parasympathetic effects
16-6 The differences in the organization of sympathetic and parasympathetic structures lead to widespread sympathetic effects and specific parasympathetic effects
16-7 Dual innervation of organs allows the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions to coordinate vital functions
16-8 Various levels of autonomic regulation allow for the integration and control of autonomic functions
16-9 Higher-order functions include memory and states of consciousness and neurotransmitters influence behavior
16-10 Aging produces various structural and functional changes in the nervous system
17 The Special Senses An Introduction to the Special Senses

17-1 Olfaction, the sense of smell, involves olfactory receptors responding to airborne chemical stimuli
17-2 Gustation, the sense of taste, involves gustatory receptors responding to dissolved chemical stimuli
17-3 Internal eye structures contribute to the vision, while accessory eye structures provide protection
17-4 The focusing of light on the retina leads to the formation of a visual image
17-5 Photoreceptors transduce light into electrical signals that are then processed in the visual cortex
17-6 Equilibrium sensations monitor head position and movement, while hearing involves the detection and interpretation of sound waves
18 The Endocrine System
18-1 Homeostasis is preserved through intercellular communication by the nervous and endocrine systems
18-2 The endocrine system regulates physiological processes by releasing bloodborne hormones that bind to receptors on remote target organs
18-3 The anterior lobe of the pituitary gland produces and releases hormones under hypothalamic control, while the posterior lobe releases hypothalamic hormones
18-4 The thyroid gland synthesizes thyroid hormones that affect the rate of metabolism
18-5 The four parathyroid glands secrete parathyroid hormone, which increases the blood calcium ion level
18-6 The paired adrenal glands secrete several

18-7 The pineal gland secretes melatonin, which affects the circadian rhythm
18-8 The pancreas is both an exocrine organ and an endocrine gland that produces hormones affecting the blood glucose level

18-9 Many organs have secondary endocrine functions
18-10 Hormones interact over our lifetime to produce coordinated physiological responses

19 Blood
19-1 Blood, composed of plasma and formed elements, provides transport, regulation, and protective services to the body
19-2 Red blood cells, formed by erythropoiesis, contain hemoglobin that transports respiratory gases
19-3 The ABO and Rh blood groups are based on antigen-antibody responses
19-4 The various types of white blood cells contribute to the body’s defenses
19-5 Platelets, disc-shaped cell fragments, function in the clotting process
19-6 The process of blood clotting, or hemostasis, stops blood loss
20 The Heart
20-1 The heart is a four-chambered organ that pumps blood through the systemic and pulmonary circuits
20-2 The cells of the conducting system distribute electrical impulses through the heart, causing cardiac contractile cells to contract
20-3 The contraction–relaxation events that occur during a complete heartbeat makes up a cardiac cycle
20-4 Cardiac output is determined by heart rate and stroke volume
21 Blood Vessels and Circulation
21-1 Arteries, which are elastic or muscular, and veins, which contain valves, have three-layered walls; capillaries have thin walls with only one layer
21-2 Pressure and resistance determine blood flow and affect rates of capillary exchange
21-3 Blood flow and pressure in tissues are controlled by both autoregulation and central regulation
21-4 The cardiovascular system adapts to physiological stress while maintaining a special vascular supply to the brain, heart, and lungs
21-5 The vessels of the cardiovascular system make up both pulmonary and systemic circuits
21-6 In the pulmonary circuit, deoxygenated blood enters the lungs in arteries, and oxygenated blood leaves the lungs by veins
21-7 The systemic circuit carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to tissues and organs other than the lungs and returns deoxygenated blood to the right atrium
21-8 Modifications of fetal and maternal cardiovascular systems promote the exchange of materials; the fetal cardiovascular system changes to function independently after birth
21-9 Aging affects the blood, heart, and blood vessels
22 The Lymphatic System and Immunity
22-1 The vessels, tissues, and organs of the lymphatic system maintain fluid volume and function in the body defenses
22-2 Lymphocytes are important to innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) immunity
22-3 Innate defenses respond the same regardless of the invader
22-4 Adaptive (specific) defenses respond to particular threats and are either cell-mediated or antibody-mediated
22-5 In cell-mediated adaptive immunity, presented antigens activate T cells, which respond by producing cytotoxic and helper T cells
22-6 In antibody-mediated adaptive immunity, sensitized B cells respond to antigens by producing specific antibodies
22-7 Immunocompetence enables a normal immune response; abnormal responses result in immune disorders
22-8 The immune response diminishes as we age
22-9 The nervous and endocrine systems influence the immune response

23 The Respiratory System
23-1 The respiratory system, organized into an upper respiratory system and a lower respiratory system, functions primarily to aid gas exchange
23-2 The conducting portion of the upper respiratory system filters warms and humidifies the air
23-3 The conducting portion of the lower respiratory the system conducts air to the respiratory portion and produces sound
23-4 The respiratory portion of the lower respiratory system is where gas exchange occurs
23-5 Enclosed by pleural cavities, the lungs are paired organs made up of multiple lobes
23-6 External respiration and internal respiration allow gas exchange within the body
23-7 Pulmonary ventilation—air exchange between the atmosphere and the lungs—involves muscle actions and volume changes that cause pressure changes
23-8 Gas exchange depends on the partial pressures of gases and the diffusion of gas molecules
23-9 In gas transport, most oxygen is transported bound to hemoglobin, whereas carbon dioxide is transported in three ways
23-10 Respiratory centers in the brainstem, along with respiratory reflexes, control respiration
23-11 Respiratory performance changes over the life span
23-12 The respiratory system provides oxygen to and eliminates carbon dioxide from, other organ systems
The Digestive System
24-1 The digestive system, consisting of the digestive tract and accessory organs functions primarily to break down and absorb nutrients from food and to eliminate wastes
24-2 The oral cavity, which contains the tongue, teeth, and salivary glands, functions in the ingestion and mechanical digestion of food
24-3 The pharynx and esophagus are passageways that transport the food bolus from the oral cavity to the stomach
24-4 The stomach is a J-shaped organ that receives the bolus and aids in its chemical and mechanical digestion
24-5 Accessory digestive organs, such as the pancreas and liver, produce secretions that aid in chemical digestion
24-6 The small intestine primarily functions in the chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients
24-7 The large intestine, which is divided into three parts absorbs water from digestive materials and eliminates the remaining waste as feces
24-8 Chemical digestion is the enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of food into nutrients that can be absorbed and used by the body
24-9 Many age-related changes affect digestion and absorption
25 Metabolism, Nutrition, and Energetics
25-1 Metabolism is the sum of all the catabolic and anabolic reactions in the body, and energetics is the flow and transformation of energy
25-2 Carbohydrate metabolism generates ATP by glucose catabolism and forms glucose by gluconeogenesis
25-3 Lipid metabolism provides long-term storage and release of energy
25-4 Protein metabolism provides amino acids and synthesizes proteins
25-5 The body experiences two patterns of metabolic
25-6 Adequate nutrition allows normal physiological functioning
25-7 Metabolic rate is the average caloric expenditure, and thermoregulation involves balancing heat-producing and heat-losing mechanisms
26 The Urinary System
26-1 The organs of the urinary system function in excreting wastes and regulating body fluids
26-2 Kidneys are highly vascular organs containing functional units called nephrons
26-3 Different segments of the nephron from urine by filtration, reabsorption, and secretion
26-4 The glomerulus filters blood through the filtration membrane to produce filtrate; several pressures determine the glomerular filtration rate
26-5 The renal tubule reabsorbs nutrients, ions, and water and secretes ions and wastes; the collecting system reabsorbs ions and water
26-6 Countercurrent multiplication allows the kidneys to regulate the volume and concentration of urine
26-7 Urine is transported by the ureters, stored in the bladder, and eliminated through the urethra by urinary reflexes
26-8 Age-related changes affect kidney function and urination
26-9 The urinary system is one of several body systems involved in waste excretion
27 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
27-1 Fluid balance, electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance are interrelated and essential to homeostasis
27-2 Extracellular fluid (ECF) and intracellular fluid (ICF) are fluid compartments with differing solute concentrations that are closely regulated
27-3 Fluid balance involves the regulation and distribution of water gains and losses
27-4 In electrolyte balance, the concentrations of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, and chloride ions in body fluids are tightly regulated
27-5 In acid-base balance, buffer systems, as well as respiratory and renal compensation, regulates pH changes in body fluids
27-6 Disorders of acid-base balance can be classified as respiratory or metabolic
27-7 Aging affects fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance

28 The Reproductive System
28-1 Male and female reproductive system structures produce gametes that combine to form a new individual
28-2 The structures of the male reproductive system consist of the testes, duct system, accessory glands, and penis
28-3 Spermatogenesis occurs in the testes and hormones from the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and testes control male reproductive functions
28-4 The structures of the female reproductive system consist of the ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, and external genitalia
28-5 Oogenesis occurs in the ovaries, and hormones from the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and ovaries control female reproductive functions
28-6 The autonomic nervous system influences male and female sexual function
28-7 Changes in levels of reproductive hormones cause functional changes throughout the life span Development of the Genitalia Effects of Aging
28-8 The reproductive system secretes hormones affecting the growth and metabolism of all body systems
29 Development and Inheritance An Introduction to Development and Inheritance
29-1 Directed by inherited genes, a fertilized ovum differentiates during prenatal development to form an individual; postnatal development brings that individual to maturity
29-2 Fertilization—the fusion of a secondary oocyte and a sperm—forms a zygote
29-3 Gestation consists of three stages of prenatal development: the first, second, and third trimesters
29-4 The first trimester includes pre-embryonic and embryonic development, involving the processes of cleavage, implantation, placentation, and embryogenesis
29-5 During the second and third trimesters, fetal development involves growth and organ function
29-6 During gestation, maternal organ systems support the developing fetus; the reproductive system undergoes structural and functional changes
29-7 Childbirth occurs through the process of labor, which consists of the dilation, expulsion, and placental stages
29-8 Postnatal stages are the neonatal period, infancy, childhood, adolescence, and maturity, followed by senescence and death
29-9 Genes and chromosomes determine patterns of inheritance

About the Authors:

Frederic (Ric) H. Martini, Ph.D. Author
Dr. Martini received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in comparative and functional anatomy for work on the pathophysiology of stress. In addition to professional publications that include journal articles and contributed chapters, technical reports, and magazine articles, he is the lead author of 10 undergraduate texts on anatomy and physiology or anatomy. Dr. Martini is currently affiliated with the University of Hawaii at Manoa and has a long-standing bond with the Shoals Marine Laboratory, a joint venture between Cornell University and the University of New Hampshire. He has been active in the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society (HAPS) for over 24 years and was a member of the committee that established the course curriculum guidelines for A&P. He is now a President Emeritus of HAPS after serving as President-Elect, President, and Past-President over 2005–2007. Dr. Martini is also a member of the American Physiological Society, the American Association of Anatomists, the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, the Australia/New Zealand Association of Clinical Anatomists, the Hawaii Academy of Science, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the International Society of Vertebrate Morphologists.
Edwin F. Bartholomew, M.S. Author
Edwin F. Bartholomew received his undergraduate degree from Bowling Green State University in Ohio and his M.S. from the University of Hawaii. Mr. Bartholomew has taught human anatomy and physiology at both the secondary and undergraduate levels.  In addition, he has taught a range of other science courses (from botany to zoology) at Maui Community College (now the University of Hawaii Maui College). For many years, he taught at historic Lahainaluna High School (LHS), the oldest high school west of the Rockies, where he assisted in establishing an LHS Health Occupations Students of America (HOSA) chapter. He is a co-author of Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology, Visual Anatomy & Physiology, Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Visual Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Structure and Function of the Human Body, and The Human Body in Health and Disease (all published by Pearson). Mr. Bartholomew is a member of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society (HAPS), the National Association of Biology Teachers, the National Science Teachers Association, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Judi L. Nath, Ph.D. Author
Dr. Judi Nath is a biology professor and the writer-in-residence at Lourdes University, where she teaches at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. Primary courses include anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, medical terminology, and science writing. She received her bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Bowling Green State University, which included study abroad at the University of Salzburg in Austria. Her doctoral work focused on autoimmunity, and she completed her Ph.D. from the University of Toledo. Dr. Nath is devoted to her students and strives to convey the intricacies of science in captivating ways that are meaningful, interactive, and exciting. She has won the Faculty Excellence Award―an accolade recognizing effective teaching, scholarship, and community service―multiple times and in 2013 was named as an Ohio Memorable Educator. She is active in many professional organizations, notably the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society (HAPS), where she has served several terms on the board of directors. Dr. Nath is a coauthor of Visual Anatomy & Physiology, Visual Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Anatomy & Physiology, and Human Anatomy (published by Pearson), and she is the sole author of Using Medical Terminology and Stedman’s Medical Terminology (published by Wolters Kluwer). Her favorite charities are those that have significantly affected her life, including the local Humane Society, the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, and the ALS Association. In 2015, she and her husband established the Nath Science Scholarship at Lourdes University to assist students pursuing science-based careers. When not working, days are filled with family life, bicycling, and hanging with the dogs.

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